• Research Article

    Effects of Text Modification of Reading Passages in English Textbooks on Readability and Cohesion

    텍스트 수정이 영어 교과서 본문의 난이도와 응집성에 미치는 영향

    Oh, Jiwon and Lee, Jeong-Won

    오지원, 이정원

    The current study aims at exploring the effects of text modification of reading passages in high school English textbooks on their readability ... + READ MORE
    The current study aims at exploring the effects of text modification of reading passages in high school English textbooks on their readability and cohesion. For the study, 9 passages from 6 English textbooks were compared with their originals using the Coh-Metrix program in terms of 9 indices for readability and 6 indices for cohesion. The results were that 6 out of 9 modified passages were easier than the original, while 3 were more difficult; and that referential cohesion of most of the passages increased through text modification. The results suggest that text modification may serve to make reading passages easier than the originals, and that the referential cohesion among the 15 indices could be a crucial factor of influencing text readability. Therefore, when text readability increases, cohesion should be considered in the process of text modification. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020
  • Research Article

    A Comparative Study of Korean University Students’ L2 and L3 Motivational Self System

    한국 대학생 L2와 L3 언어 학습자의 학습 동기체계 변인 비교 연구

    Jung, Mie-Ae

    정미애

    This study explores motivational dispositions of Korean university L2 and L3 language learners within the framework of the Motivational Self System. A ... + READ MORE
    This study explores motivational dispositions of Korean university L2 and L3 language learners within the framework of the Motivational Self System. A total of 141 students participated in the study. The findings presented that the variable factors of the motivational self system showed different characteristics in terms of the gender, proficiency levels, and imagery changes in the L2 and L3 system, respectively. The ideal self and the learning effort factors were not significantly different in gender for L2 learning, while these factors were significantly different in gender for L3 learning. The ought˗to self factor was not significantly different in imagery changes for L2 learning, while it was significantly different in imagery changes for L3 learning. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020
  • Research Article

    The Effects of Different Lengths of Planning Time on Integrated Speaking Test Scores: The Mediating Roles of the Rhetorical Structure of Reading Passages and Test Wiseness Levels
    Koo, Jinseon
    This paper aims to investigate the difference when different planning time lengths, different rhetorical structures used in reading passages, and different test-takers ... + READ MORE
    This paper aims to investigate the difference when different planning time lengths, different rhetorical structures used in reading passages, and different test-takers' test wiseness levels are the variables to be considered. Twenty-six college students took the integrated speaking tests with three different planning time lengths of 30, 60 or 120 seconds and completed survey questions on perceptions regarding the different planning time lengths given. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in test performance. The participants‘ test-wiseness level did affect the test-takers’ performance significantly. In contrast, the speaking test scores for both experienced and novice participants were not affected by the differences in planning time length. The questionnaire revealed that 30-seconds of planning time was generally considered too short by most students, and that novice students preferred more planning time than experienced students. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020
  • Research Article

    An Ultrasound Analysis of Allophonic /n/ Palatalization in Korean
    Sung, Jae-Hyun and Kim, Jin-hyung
    While phonetic neutralization in different morphophonological environments is discussed in previous studies (Kisseberth, 1969), Korean palatalization is known as an uncommon phonological ... + READ MORE
    While phonetic neutralization in different morphophonological environments is discussed in previous studies (Kisseberth, 1969), Korean palatalization is known as an uncommon phonological phenomenon because the morpheme boundary plays a role. This study investigates whether morpheme boundaries also affect allophonic /n/ palatalization in Korean and demonstrates that morpheme boundaries contribute to allophonic variation. By using ultrasound imaging of four native Korean speakers, this study examines differences in /n/ palatalization between two morphologically different sets of words in Korean – tautomorphemic words (e.g., /koni/ ‘swan’) and heteromorphemic words (e.g., /mun#i/ ‘door + NOM (nominative marker)’). Comparisons of the degree of palatalization before /i/ show significant differences among different morphological environments. The results from this study support Cho (1998; 2001)’s claim on boundary effect in Korean /n/ palatalization and suggest that there are individual differences in distinguishing various morphological conditions. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020
  • Research Article

    Pedagogical Application of a Linguistic Analysis of Negation in Jejueo
    Yang, Sejung
    This paper aims to integrate linguistic analysis into grammar teaching in the modern-language classroom on Jeju Island by examining how negation in ... + READ MORE
    This paper aims to integrate linguistic analysis into grammar teaching in the modern-language classroom on Jeju Island by examining how negation in Jejueo, the province’s traditional language, could be taught to native speakers of Korean. In adopting the assumption that knowledge of a first language influences acquisition of a second language, a comparative analysis of the properties of negation in Jejueo and Korean is provided. The overview of negation in Jejueo (based on previous linguistic work) and the sample lesson plan that accompanies it offer teachers a potential model for developing lesson plans for teaching Jejueo in the schools of Jeju Island. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020
  • Research Article

    Usage Tendency of the Discourse Marker for the 2nd Generation Japanese-American : focusing on “NANKA” in the explaining situation

    在米日本人2世の談話標識の出現様相 -説明的場面で使用される「なんか」を中心に-

    Keum, Jong-Ae

    琴鍾愛

    The discourse marker "NANKA," which is used as a politeness strategy to make dialogue more subtle and the speaker's attitude more ... + READ MORE
    The discourse marker "NANKA," which is used as a politeness strategy to make dialogue more subtle and the speaker's attitude more polite to the listener/receiver, is studied to demonstrate the usage difference between Tokyo's earlier generations and the 2nd generation Japanese-Americans. The results demonstrate a higher usage frequency of "NANKA" among Tokyo's earlier generations than the 2nd generation Japanese- Americans. This differerence in the use of NANKA shows that Tokyo's earlier generation tends to use the discourse marker "NANKA" as means to make communication with listeners more subtle and smooth and attempts to keep a friendly relationship with the listener. However, this tendency was less occurring in the 2nd generation of Japanese-Americans. - COLLAPSE
    May 2020